At the end of the 14th century the Mongolians in China were defeated by a rebellion, which founded a new Chinese Dynasty, the Ming, with the capital at the site of today’s Nanjing
In 1402, Prince Zhu Di usurped the throne from his brother, becoming the third Ming Emperor known as Yongle. Un- der his reign China rose to great power. Yongle moved the capital back to Khan- baliq, which had been known as Beiping (Northern Peace) and renamed the City Beijing (Northern Capital).
Yongle built his new palace, the Forbidden City on the extension of the north-south axis in the south and rebuilt the Drum Tower in 1420. Together with the Bell Tower to the north, the temples on Jingshan hill, the Forbidden City, Tian’anmen and the Front Gate to the south a new north-south axis was formed. The east-west axis was moved south to pass Tian’anmen, forming Tian’anmen Square.